National Park Sutjeska is the oldest and largest national park in BiH, which is by it’s natural values and beauties the pearl of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It covers the area of Sutjeska with strict natural reserve Perućica, parts of the mountains Maglić (2386 m – the highest peak in BiH), Volujak, Vučevo and Zelengora. Thanks to the outstanding natural values and their preservation, since 2000, NP Sutjeska has been included in II category of IUCN (UN Department of Nature and Natural Resources).
NP Sutjeska is the most diverse complex of ecosystems on the territory of BiH and one of the most diverse in the area of Southeast Europe. The entire area of the park is distinguished by the exceptional beauty and diversity of landscape shapes – from pitiful valleys, dense forest complexes, mountain pastures to high mountain massifs. On Zelengora there are eight glacial lakes – “mountain eyes”, and what also characterizes this area are the deep canyons of Sutjeska, Hrčavka and Jabučnica, clear mountain rivers rich in river trout. It is a very valuable and rich pool of wildlife and rare plant species, many of which are endemic. In the very heart of the Park there is also a strict natural reserve Perućica (1434 ha), the most well-known and the biggest rainforest in Europe, in which since any establishment of a national park is strictly forbidden any kind of human intervention.
In the territory of the national park Sutjesk there are numerous monuments of older and recent history.
THE ROLE OF NATIONAL PARKS
In the process of creating and developing “ecological awareness”, national parks play a very important role, not only because of the role in protecting the natural heritage, but especially in the field of information and education.
National parks are largely governed by the laws of nature. Parks were established to protect the natural dynamics of one space. Birth, growth and dying – the eternal natural cycle can be clearly seen here, and people can discover its laws again. National parks protect the natural, as well as cultural and historical heritage, for present and future generations. The most important task of national parks is the protection of natural processes. Although the basic role of national parks is protection, they do not exclude people. On the contrary, visitors who accept the rules of the park are welcome and understand the importance and need of protection. In the park, you can feel the nature of all your senses and develop a deep, personal relationship with nature, so important for understanding the complex natural processes. Along with preserving nature, education is one of the most important tasks of national parks.
There is no doubt that in deciding to declare this area as a national park, the principle of objective and professional choice of natural and cultural-historical values is respected, which should be placed under this kind of protection.
Also, through the development of the park, thanks to the interest of scientists and experts from various fields, protection methods are defined, professionally and scientifically based.
Finally, a complex management policy has been established, ie, adequate protection of natural and cultural-historical values.
ESTABLISHING THE PARK
National Park Sutjeska (NPS) was established by the Law on the Proclamation of the National Park Sutjeska adopted by the Republican Assembly on January 13, 1962 (Official Gazette of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 5/62, February 09, 1962). The National Park of Sutjeska was proclaimed a public company by the Government of the Republika Srpska by Decision No. 02-1064 / 96.17. August 1996 in Trebinje (reg.no.1-1272-00).
NPS is an independent, legal body based in Tjentiste. It is included in IUCN, an international list of national parks.
The scientific and educational value of the ancient forest Perućice, located within the Park, has been known since 1956, and the park is under the protection of UNESCO. The development of the NPS in the past was largely based on historical events from the Second World War. In memory of the Battle of Sutjeska, in the 1960s, numerous monuments were erected in and around the Park. In 1971 a memorial complex was erected at Tjentište.
There is a great number of archaeological sites, ethnic and historical features in the NPS as well as in its surroundings. This cultural and historical heritage provides an insight into the connection of nature and human culture.
Special hunting ground “Zelengora”
The special hunting ground “Zelengora” covers an area of 53,240 ha. In the hunting ground of “Zelengora”, managed by the National Park Sutjeska, breeding, protection and breeding of game, bears, wild boar, roe deer and cetaceans are carried out. The hunting ground is 53.700 ha and extends to one of the most attractive parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The fauna of the park is very rich and diverse, starting with a large number of invertebrates, especially from Lepidoptera, amphibians, reptiles and fish, 36 species and 18 families of mammals and numerous bird species.
The rivers Sutjeska, Hrčavka and Jabušnica, as well as some Zelengore lakes, are rich in fish, especially a creek trout, and fishing on these rivers and lakes is a true pleasure for all lovers of this sport.
BORDERS OF NATIONAL PARK SUTJESKA
The National Park Sutjeska extends to the municipalities of Foča and Gacko, with a total area of 17,350 hectares and covers the protected area of Sutjeska, the strict natural reserve Perućica, parts of the mountains Maglić, Volujak and Zelengora. The border of the national park Sutjeska starts at Maglic, at the angle of 2.386, at the border of the Republic of Srpska and the Republic of Montenegro, and traverses this border over the 1.759 to the 1.515 line, from where via Rujevec and the 1,577 kilometer to the 1.405 angle, and to the ferry, east of the corner 1.510. From this place, going to izohipsama, going to the angle of 1.100, he goes to the angle of 1.100, leaving the Glasinac outside the national park and further, isohypse to Kikalo, and next to the village Mrkalja, leaving him outside the national park, he comes to Sutjeska to the village of Poda, where the Hrčavka River is influenced in Sutjeska. From there, the border goes to Hrčavka to the Great Elbow, from where the Jelovac and Treskavac enters the angle of 1.529, goes further to the trigonometer 1.871 (Velika Košuta), then across the corner 1.801 (Small Košuta), including the Vrbnik huts, comes at the angle 1.622, including the White and the Black Lake, comes at the angle of 1.134. From there, the border rises at an angle of 1.696, catching a lake under Orlovec over an angle of 1.441, arrives at the angle of 1.821 (Stog) and the angle 1.835 (Borovsko brdo). From Borovná brda, the boundary descends to the angle of 1.517, and continues along the stream Jabušnica until its outlet in Sutjeska at the place Sastavci, 854th angle. From this place leaving the village Grab outside the national park, the boundary climbs towards the trigonometry 1.136 (Slavsko brdo), and from above the angle 1,325 comes at the angle of 1.481, then at the angle 2.112 and then goes to the trigonometer 2.294 (Studenac), on the border of the Republic of Srpska and the Republic of Montenegro, from there exactly with the border between the republics comes to the starting point Maglić, angle 2.386.
More important dates
May 17, 1952
The Government of the People’s Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina hereby passes the Decision on the allocation of Perućica (1,234 ha) “from regular forest management, as a forestry facility needed for scientific research and teaching”.
June 3, 1954
By the decision of the National Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments and Natural Rarities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Perućica area increased by 200 ha (1,434 ha) “is placed under the protection of the state as a natural reserve”.
The memorial kosturnica at Tjentiste, where the remains of the 3.301th fighter from Sutjeska were buried, were buried.
September 5, 1971
A monumental monument, the work of Miodrag Zivkovic, was ceremonially opened.
July 27, 1975
The memorial house of the Battle of Sutjeska is opened, the work of Ranko Radović.